Part of our ongoing monitoring of the coming earth changes heading into the new era. We are seeing ongoing and increasing seismic activity and solar forcing. The field of climate science is in turmoil.
8/06/2020 — West coast USA earthquakes, fires, Volcanoes, and drill points LOCATIONS ALL MATCH
Another master class from Dutchsinese. Absolutely fascinating and worth watching the whole video. His warning for California has almost expired but the energy has traveled from Alaska and is stuck at the Juan de Fuca Plate just off the coast above California.
Some of it is traveling across the Craton finding weak places (oil frack wells and Geo thermal plants etc). It is just incredible to see the extent to which the USA has been drilled and perforated. It is also astounding to see the amount of calderas under the United States. We all know of Yellowstone but there are many more. Also fascinating is the fact that part of Africa – the rift valley is “ripping away”. There are a number of Deep earthquakes happening. Something big is building up and this has to do with the maunder minimum and the increased cosmological radiation absorbed by the earth.
The latest by Suspicious Observers is also fascinating. The sun and space weather is the driver of earth weather. The internet nerds were correct all along. Main Stream Science has been corrupted by ideology and corporate interests. In this video you see that the Aurora can activate seismographs demonstrating that plasma electromagnetism does cause tremors and quakes.
As well as that cosmological rays can seed clouds therefore very heavy rain in some places (China). Weather patterns are changing but then so is the earths electromagnetism with the poles shifting and the earth being “charged”. I think we could see a precipitous drop into ice age conditions and then a solar micro-nova activating earthquakes as everything kick starts into the next solar cycle (and the next era). I just feel that we are on the verge of something big. Everything is going to change and God is going to remind everyone who is really in control. The NWO is about to have an economic “reset” but a much bigger “reset” is about to happen.
How long? I don’t know but we are seeing the build up of something.
"And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great". (Rev 16:18)
"Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound". (Isa 30:6)
We have remarked before that this sounds like a micro-nova. If the sun flared seven times its usual energy then the moon would indeed shine like the sun. How did the ancients know that the luminosity of the moon would need to be increased seven-fold to achieve this effect? I would not want to be on the wrong side of the earth when it flares like that.
NISHINO-SHIMA VOLCANO, JAPAN ERUPTS TO 27,230 FT (8.3 KM) — HIGHEST SINCE 2013
The worldwide volcanic uptick associated with the next #GSM is continuing. We can now add Nishino-shima to the list after its recent effusive-explosive, high-level eruption.https://t.co/W8iKBeC5Iy
I have placed two of the shorter videos here for those not familiar with the electroverse or plasmaverse concept. Basically it is a new scientific model that rejects the notion of “dark matter” and argues that the Universe is electromagnetic. Even our earth is influenced by space weather. Their theory makes a lot of sense to me and is becoming more and more mainstream.
To put it simply – the suns magnetic field protects us from cosmic rays…a bit like a force field. When the sun is experiencing a Maunder minimum (less sun spots like now) that means less protection from other cosmological radiation and ionization. This causes more cloud formation and therefore cooling (ice ages). Electromagnetism (Space weather) even influences weather cells (hurricanes) and earthquakes. We are currently experiencing a pole shift. I recommend you visit their site regularly because Ben gives daily space weather reports it is an excellent website and totally debunks the CO2 AGW narrative.
Last but not least the Apocalypse speaks of the sun scorching (micro-nova or CME) and also of a stupendously huge earthquake. Whatever technology they have got in the sky or on the ground will fry. I take comfort from the fact that many of the elite have built underground bunkers for themselves in New Zealand which is a thinner spot on the crust.
I decided to add a third video for good measure:
Historical Cosmic disasters
A few recent incidents. It looks like the Chicago fire was started by a comet. I read elsewhere that St Elmo s fire was seen dancing on the corners of buildings (constructed with steel girders). Fires erupted elsewhere in the country. People described big balls of light etc starting fires in the countryside. Wikipedia describes these as methane but plasma seems far more likely. Electromagnetism.
The air was so hot, it melted the coins in the pockets some of its victims. It was as if the landscape had been transformed into the fiery furnace of hell itself. http://www.amandaopelt.com/blog/peshtigo
Sometimes we need a break from the covid mania and from all the lying so now we turn to look at the climate. Unfortunately we encounter as many lies in this area as well. The sun is now in a maunder minimum and the weather seems to be getting colder. The actual state of the earth for hundreds of thousands of years is to be covered in ice. We are living in a period between ice ages which is why modern humans have flourished. For millions of years, during the time of the dinosaurs the earth was tropical with very high CO2 and then something changed and ever since we have had ice ages.
In the past we featured the work of V. V. Zharkova et al who used PCA to determined “Oscillations of the baseline of solar magnetic field and solar irradiance on a millennial timescale.” This research was intriguing to anyone with a knowledge of statistics and my gut feeling was that she was spot on. She pointed to a coming mini ice age which her statistics predicted. However, she has been forced to retract her paper by the climate bullies. This is no longer about science but about ideology and to be honest I am getting so sick of the liars. The authors called it…
They need you to believe that all climate change is man made just like they need you to believe that covid is killing millions (like the black death did). Now before we have a discussion and draw some conclusions I want you to look at the following beautiful video of our beautiful planet.
There are many other videos that I could have chosen showing absolutely spectacular shows in Norway, Antarctica, Scotland and Australia. What you are seeing is a plasma that is created by the sun. For example, the aurora borealis (northern lights) form when charged particles emitted from the sun during a solar flare penetrate the earth’s magnetic shield and collide with atoms and molecules in our atmosphere. These collisions result in countless little bursts of light, called photons, which make up the aurora.
They (the climate scientists) think you are really, really stupid. In their theory CO2 acts like a thermostat regulating the climate. Have you ever hear such bunkum? It is time to ridicule these people and not take them seriously at all anymore. Did the dinosaurs use cars?
I am a “big picture” guy. What is the point of getting lost in details if you don’t understand the big picture? I have another (excellent) space weather video to show you. Let me put it in my own words – – – as I have said before our solar system is within our galaxy and our galaxy moves within the universe. Everything is moving through space all the time. Nothing stands still in one spot. You have probably traveled thousands of miles while reading this (no wonder I feel tired). Now the new theories of the universe hypothesize that it is all electromagnetic a sort of “plasma verse” (they call it the electroverse sometimes). This means that everything is connected. Magnetism, electromagnetism, plasma etc. This makes sense to me. That means that what happens on the sun (space weather) changes our weather. And what happens in deep space also has an influence but not as direct. If we have a CME (Coronal Mass Ejection) or a solar wind we feel the effects in our weather. Now that is something that I find plausible. Moreover, it explains certain phenomenon. If our galaxy and our solar system is hurtling through space, then when it enters another magnetic plane (from another galaxy or star) that must change our “space weather” which in turn changes our “earth weather”. Now please watch this video it is truly worth it:
CLIMATE FORCING | Our Future is Cold
Is our future really cold?
The same website (Suspicious Observers) has regular reports on solar activity and space weather. Just a few days ago they reported on the Atmospheric Collapse of Pluto which indicates that a magnetic plane is moving towards us (or that we are moving into it).
Now have a look at the following tweets and then we will conclude with a short discussion:
#grandsolarminimum BIG #volcanism (Indonesia): another high-impact eruption reaching to 14 km a.s.l. took place at Semeru volcano. The eruption came just 3 hours after a high-level eruption at Ibu volcano, Halmahera. Aviation Color Code was raised to Red https://t.co/ki9v6VbD6h
WORLDWIDE VOLCANIC UPTICK: MULTIPLE ERUPTIONS TO 45,000+ FEET
These high-level eruptions are noteworthy because particulates ejected to altitudes above 32,800ft –& into the stratosphere– often linger, where they have a direct cooling effect on the planet:https://t.co/mIlGLGITt1
My opinion (for what it is worth) is that the scientists that support a “space weather” or solar forcing model for climate are correct. Of course, that would mean that we are headed for a cold spell. Perhaps not a full blown global ice age but that anything below or above the 45th parallel would be frozen. That would leave the tropics and the Middle East ice free. If that is the case we are woefully unprepared and covid and the climate change nutters have made the global situation much worse. Perhaps that has been purposely done. Who knows?
In any case the earth faces great changes but I hasten to add that although it is getting colder and the science (in my view) is correct, we cannot say with certainty that the result will be an ice age. Maybe not even a mini ice age. What if, this time around, our solar system only briefly touches (glances) a foreign magnetic field?
Now I leave the realm of science and look with my faith based spectacles. Firstly, the rainbow was given as a sign (rainbows existed before the deluge) that the seasons would always continue (Gen 8:2). There would always be harvest seasons. It is difficult to plant and sow when the earth is completely covered in ice. Secondly, the Apocalypse and other prophecies talk of the sun scorching and a huge earthquake after which follow an era of peace and healing. From a “scientific” perspective I can see a Coronal Mass Event (CME) or a micro-nova triggering a magnetic pole reversal and a huge earthquake. This would be devastating but does not have to be an extinction event. It would however be the end of our era (civilization) and the beginning of something new. Further, depending on our proximity or otherwise to the magnetic plane that initiates said event it does not necessarily mean that an ice age follows. There will certainly be no ice age in the Middle East but I doubt that we will see a wide spread cooling.
In conclusion then…I really feel bad about all the satellites that are going to be fried and about the beast and the false prophet who end up in the lake of fire (magma) caused by the great earthquake (lol). The wicked and the liars are all going to perish. People of faith have nothing to fear. The future of this earth will be wonderful. It will not be covered with ice but with the glory of the Lord. Whether we live or die we will be with Christ. Nothing can separate us from the love of God world without end, Amen.
The climate hoax is just another way (besides the virus) of culling people. We are in a solar minimum and the cosmic radiation is increasing. This, together with the pole shift causes earthquakes and volcanic activity. Now imagine that we go NET ZERO carbon at at time when the earth is cooling.
NASA & scientists say we’re entering a solar minimum that’ll last until 2053. Wouldn’t a mini-ice age undercut a lot of concerns about climate change? I bet Greta & the left blame it on climate change even though it’s a historically established pattern. https://t.co/yOFfo50RoD
How will that work out with “alternative” energy (less sunlight, frozen hydro water etc)? I am sure the “wind turbines” will cope (lol)
I know it is not true
I know it is not true. You know why? Because I offered three times on twitter a bet of $10K to ANYBODY who could prove CO2 based global warming. By that I mean demonstrable and verifiable scientific proof. Example…if we lower CO2 by 5% then the temperature decreases by 0.03 degrees. I offered the bet to “scientists” and “climate scientists” etc and there are no takers. Why not? Because no one can prove the link or make accurate predictions. No one has answered the challenge. Says it all. This has nothing to do with science. Science has been captured by ideology and even the peer review process has been corrupted.
DRACONIAN UN CLIMATE AGENDA EXPOSED : ‘Global Warming Fears Are A Tool For Political and Economic Change…It Has Nothing To Do With The Actual Climate’ https://t.co/8UAhlOAwOX via @JWSpry
Thank you. The OLR data dosen’t support the GHE hypothesis of CO2 intercepting any long wave IR reradiated from the Earth’s surface.@GretaThunberg That proves the invalid GHE assumption made by #NASAClimate NOAA & embedded in unproven climate models of @UN UNEP IPCC @WMO UNFCCC. pic.twitter.com/N3E5Qjlp25
Here follow some interesting online comments (anonymous):
“The second we get a sunspot we have a 7.7 [quake]. This pattern hasn’t stopped since the sun went into grand minimum. The sun is deader than a door-nail and if it get any activity we get quakes. Just like every other grand minimum. The volcanoes go when the sun has no spots and the cosmic rays are highest, and when you do get spots or storms we get earthquakes. This is actuated by your decreasing magnetic fields that even NASA has admitted for 20 years now”.
“Holy ****, we actually got a tiny sunspot, no wonder. We get Aurora now whether we have spots or not. We have a 200 year low in spots and almost never any at all. Expect the giant quakes to return when we hit tiny maximum in a few years. And of course, when these nothing burgers happen with our lowered magnetic fields they come up with all sorts of ways to explain their increased impact”.
"The crack developed on Jan. 28th when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) near Earth tilted south. This partially canceled our planet's north-pointing magnetic field, creating a gap through which solar wind could flow. During Solar Minimum (happening now), we rely on such cracks and gaps to "stoke the fires" of aurora borealis without the usual support of sunspots and solar flares." https://www.spaceweather.com/
“This was preceded by quakes in Puerto Rico. I also saw a big blot echo in Peru or somewhere around there recently. I think there may have been one in Caribbean too. Those are almost always and indication of bigger earthquakes. Surprised they don’t put earthquake warning out when we see those”.
The huge 7.7 quake recently happened of the coast of Cuba:
This earthquake epicenter occurred along a “strike-slip fault” located between the North American Plate and Caribbean Plate. This scenario has minimal tsunami threat as land slides horizontally across rather than vertically. Did you feel it? #Caribbean#Earthquakepic.twitter.com/fJBtWpu2H1
As usual I urge you to make up your own mind. Is it coincidence that climate change (whatever that is) coincides with increased earthquake activity and pole shift? I don’t think so. Of course it is true that correlation is not causation. What do I mean by that? Let me tell you a story……
It was noted that women always got pregnant in the spring when storks returned from their migration and built nests on the chimney. It was concluded that the storks brought the babies.
What is wrong with this reasoning? The two events are correlated because they both happen in spring (stork migration and pregnancy). They both happen in spring for obvious reasons. However, we cannot conclude that stork migration causes human pregnancy. They are unrelated events. Correlation is not causation.
Therefore solar activity and earthquakes might be totally unrelated. However, (for what it is worth) I don’t think that is the case. It seems logical to me that “earth weather” is influenced by “space weather” and that our inner iron core is influenced by magnetism (or the absence/reduction of magnetism). The climate change supporters have latched onto space weather and pole shift and are now arguing that pole shift is caused by “earth wobble” namely, the melting ice caps cause a weight redistribution (of water) which in turn causes the core to move and that results in earthquakes. I find this disingenuous because the new religion of climate change blames everything on man made CO2 .
First, the loss of polar ice is disputed as is almost every other claim made by climate change. Sea levels have certainly not increased as much as they predicted no matter what they say and neither has the average temperature. Secondly, the polar shift event is periodic as established by Geo-science and ancient cave paintings etc. That means it happened before civilization and before man made CO2. It seems then that the Z-pinch plasma event is not caused by “earth wobble” the opposite is true. The sun (and Space Weather) influences our magnetic field and therefore the amount of incoming radiation. In turn this causes (?) magnetic pole shift. Are we to believe that all this has nothing to do with climate, sea currents, upper atmospherics etc?
Does all this explain periodic cold (ice age) and warming earth phases, or is it all due to Milankovitch Cycles and Precession etc? There are probably dynamic and complex feedback loops between all these processes (including CO2). Scientific reductionism and binary answers are simplistic and therefore probably wrong. All these things are in play. We are not God and we do not know everything. We are like the kid who takes apart his clock and puts it back together and then finds that he has parts left over (LOL). A man (and mankind) needs to know his limitations. My opinion….they are connected in complex ways that we don’t fully understand. Man without God is like the beast that perishes. Sometimes we are just dumb animals.
Greta (her dad/some Indian guy/ Soros….???) has upped the climate spiel. Many corporations are now talking net zero carbon emissions some even “negative” carbon emissions. What does that mean? We stop breathing and farting? Presumably the banks will come to the rescue with the new “green economy” what could possibly go wrong?
This is what is said:
" So far during this decade we are seeing no sign
whatsoever that real climate action is coming.
That has to change. This is just the beginning.
You haven't seen anything yet. We assure you of that."
Her fearmongering appears to be working as the young people in the crowd held up terrified-sounding signs including:
"Fear for our glaciers"
"HELP the Koalas"
"One, two, three degrees! It's a crime against humanity!"
"Let's Change The System, Not the Climate"
"There Is No Planet B"
"I Have a Green Dream"
"We Want A Cooler Planet"
I fear for people’s mental health not for glaciers and those clamoring for a cooler planet may just get what they wish for. If only there was a planet B then we could remove some of the Eco-fascists.
A constructed narrative
Only information that feeds into the narrative is used. Anything that contradicts the story is ignored. In this sense the recent fires in Australia have been a “god-send” for the Eco-warriors. Never let a good crisis go to waste. Of course it will be said that I am (wait for it) a climate denier. A heretic of the worst sort who wants to destroy and fry the planet or worse still a science denier. Of course, neither is true. I know the climate is changing rapidly I just don’t trust the reasons that they give. Neither do I deny science I am skeptical because the science has been politicized. I take the same stand as many sensible, reasonable people. Furthermore, I would like to point out a few things. First, things are more complex than the models suggest….there are other things happening that are not even mentioned. You hear nothing about Magnetic Pole Shift, the influence of cosmological rays on cloud formation, the increase in earthquakes, the Maunder minimum. Why not? Why is it largely ignored in the MSM? Did you know that we recently had a large earthquake in Mexico and that volcanoes are being activated? Did you hear about hot spots in the Ocean? Do you know that our magnetic shields are down because of the Maunder minimum? This makes us vulnerable to space weather. Our inner iron core is moving. All this is (in my opinion) linked with climate change. And we can do nothing about it except pray. Now watch the video that I recorded (January 18th) from my screen (apologies for my voice over):
We are all going to die!
That is the title that Michael Snyder should have given his doom article (LOL). Of course, it is a truism….we are all going to die. That is the human condition. Zero Hedge has the motto: “On a long enough time line the survival rate for everyone drops to zero”. They are, of course, speaking about financial survival which you can try and “hedge” against (Zero Hedge). However, as Christians (Michael is one too) we believe that the earth was made to be filled with glory and people were made to reflect the divine image. Here follows Michael’s article (January 14) : 7 Major Earth Changes That Are Happening Right Now That Everyone Needs To Know About
Between a rock and a hard place
We can support the Anglo-Zionists like Trump et al who are warmongers and corporate fascists who exploit the earth and dump all the costs of “crapitalism” (crony capitalism) as off-book exigencies. No thank you. On the other hand we could support the green Eco-fascist globalists and their backers (bankers). Hm-mm. Difficult choice (LOL). Surveillance capitalism and technocracy or Malthusian depopulation, eugenics and technocracy. Huh! Either way we are ruled by an elite who want to grind our face in the mud (organic mud). However, don’t worry because both ideologies have powerful Jewish influences and they want what is best for the goyim (LOL). It is called the Hegelian Dialectic. Wake up. You are being played. There are no good choices. There is only Jesus Christ.
We are experiencing a heat wave in South Australia. I am typing this in my undies with the air conditioning on (I will spare the readers any pictures). It is expected to peak over 45 Celsius over the next two days. My attention was grabbed by a Sputnik News article that mentioned South Australia in connection with Rossby waves.
Of course, this is anti-Greta propaganda but the mention of Rossby waves got my attention. Rossby waves, also known as planetary waves, naturally occur in rotating fluids. Within the Earth’s ocean and atmosphere, these waves form as a result of the rotation of the planet. … Oceanic and atmospheric Rossby waves —also known as planetary waves — naturally occur largely due to the Earth’s rotation. The scientific article that Sputnik refers to is probably this one in Nature; Amplified Rossby waves enhance risk of concurrent heatwaves in major breadbasket regions . This video offers a good explanation of the waves:
Well, the climate is definitely changing but is it man made? The scientist above suggests a much when he says that “if the world gets warmer then more extreme rainfall and heatwaves are to be expected”. However, since this video we have also had extreme cold (polar vortex) and the sun also has Rossby waves.
We have always maintained that climate change is “God made” not “man made”. The weather is not just getting “warmer” but the climate is changing. The seasons are shifting and we are getting heat waves and polar vortex etc. The discovery of the importance of Rossby waves demonstrates that there is much that we simply do not know. The system is complex and chaotic and I believe that it is influenced by space weather and our own polar shift. If our inner-core is starting to rotate surely this influences our weather? And why is our polarity changing? So much that we simply do not understand.
We are still in a Maunder Minimum which means no sunspots. The year 1913 was also noted for 311 days without sunspots. It was a year filled with wild weather extremes including the hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth in Death Valley, CA. The temperature recorded in 1913 was 56.7 Celsius (134 Fahrenheit). Zharkova has become more careful about her pronouncements no doubt because she is feeling the heat (pun intended) from the climate nutters. She believes that we are headed for another (mini?) ice age with the next cycle also being a minimum and I tend to believe her (because of her PCA stats and work on wave dynamics) rather than NASA that is predicting that the next cycle will be a solar maximum. We will soon find out.
Greta the time traveler
So, ‘Greta Thunberg’ is in a photo from 120 years ago, and it’s my new favourite conspiracy. Greta’s a time traveller, from the future, and she’s here to save us. pic.twitter.com/5ObTjPFXvk
The weekend will be cooler! Nice weather on Xmas Day and Boxing Day (25-26 Celsius). Everyone coming around for a Barbie. I will throw a shrimp on the barbie for you. Enjoy the Xmas break and hope you all have a healthy New Year.
Michael says that it is very “mysterious”. No Michael, it is not very mysterious as there is a huge mountain of a volcano on the sea bed venting gases etc. That is why the water is warm and that is why fish are dying. It is all natural (nothing to do with climate change or Fukishima radiation).
The Axial Seamount submarine volcano located on the Juan de Fuca Ridge.
By Juan_de_fuca_ridge-south-map-usgs.png: Lyn Topinka for USGSderivative work: Jon Chui (talk) – Juan_de_fuca_ridge-south-map-usgs.png, Public Domain. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, December 7). Axial Seamount. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23:05, December 13, 2019.
Spaceship with the shields down
We could think of the earth as our space ship traveling through “electro-magnetic” space encountering “space weather”. At this moment in time our “shields are down”. Normally, the sun protects us from bombardment from cosmic rays (interstellar from the stars) – but the sun is going through a Maunder minimum and therefore we have a reduced magnetic “force field”. Moreover, our own magnetic pole is shifting (this is probably linked) indicating that our inner iron core is moving. Apparently, cosmic rays can increase earthquake activity. This has nothing to do with CO2 and everything to do with space weather. Some think that we are on the brink of a mini ice age (cooling period).
Whatever the case may be, we are experiencing increased earthquake and volcanic activity. The plates are moving. As we know, California (the fourth largest economy in the world) sits on a large fault line and we also have the Yellowstone caldera. Perhaps technocracy will be ended when Silicone Valley falls into the sea. Bye, bye Google, Facebook et al. However, powerful and smart man thinks that he is…..the truth is that he is a puny spec of dust and the only thing he controls (sometimes) is his own bowel movements (LOL).
A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and accompanying magnetic field from the solar corona. They often follow solar flares and are normally present during a solar prominence eruption. The plasma is released into the solar wind, and can be observed in coronagraph imagery.
Are they rare events?
They do not happen regularly, but they do happen. The last such event was on October 14 (3 days ago):
"Yesterday, Oct. 14th, something exploded on the sun. Coronagraphs onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) saw a cloud of debris (a CME) billowing over the edge of the solar disk. This CME will not hit Earth. It was launched from the farside of the sun, and the debris is therefore heading away from our planet. Sorry, auroraphiles! What exploded? Probably no t a sunspot. Sunspots are rare now because of an ongoing deep Solar Minimum. More likely, the source was an unstable filament of magnetism that whip-lashed in the sun's atmosphere, hurling surrounding gas into space. We can't say for sure, however, because the blast site was hidden behind the edge of the sun". (from Space Weather; see tools)
How devastating are these events?
Well, according to NASA they are nothing to worry about:
This seems like a PR exercise….not that I don’t trust a scientist with two earrings! It is true that a CME will not be a “killer” and humanity will survive. However, our electricity grid will probably not survive. Moreover, this assumes the protection of the earth magneto-sphere which can collapse with magnetic pole shift which is already happening. Our model of the sun is most probably wrong. An alternative model is based on electric-magnetic plasma rather than fusion. It is quite possible that the magnetic pole shift on earth is related to sun activity. A decreased or collapsing magnetic earth-shield also allows in more cosmic radiation which in turn effects cloud formation (therefore weather) and increases earthquake activity. All this is linked with our sun and our “electric-universe”.
The weird weather that we are experiencing now as well as the current Maunder minimum are probably the prelude to a cooling period which will become apparent next year (https://youtu.be/M_yqIj38UmY ). In other words there is a lot that we simply do not know. Satellites are protected but how confident can we really be? Electronic equipment is also “protected” (LOL).